What Is A Modular Construction?

The process that allows you to build different sections or modules of a building, individually in a controlled off-site manufacturing area, to assemble them finally at the actual site of building construction is known as Modular Construction process.
Construction

The process that allows you to build different sections or modules of a building, individually in a controlled off-site manufacturing area, to assemble them finally at the actual site of building construction is known as Modular Construction process. The standard materials used for constructing buildings are used for fabricating these modules by using the methods of assembly line production.

The information provided in this write-up will help you to know this concept more precisely.

Things involved in the process of modular construction

The process of modular construction resembles the process used for constructing buildings using LEGO bricks which were manufactured to fit perfectly with any other piece of LEGO brick. The ultimate result of both of these processes is to construct a high-quality building in an efficient and safe manner. While constructing modular buildings steps are taken to ensure durability, reliability, and effectiveness like taken in traditional methods of construction. Each module is manufactured individually 8’-14’ wide to transport them easily to the building site by road. The length of the module can be from 30’ to 72’, depending upon the layout of the site, area to be constructed and other configurations of the building.

While manufacturing modules at an off-site manufacturing facility, the building site is prepared by excavating and grading the site along with constructing utilities and foundation.

Once the modules are delivered at the site from their manufacturing site, they are organized in a pre-settled order on the building site for final assembly in a very efficient manner by using a crane.

Traditional vs Modular Construction

The main difference between traditional construction and modular construct is that modules are constructed at an off-site location unlike grouping the building materials together at a building site in a traditional method.

The schedule of constructing a building can be affected greatly due to overlapping of the activities at the building site and the site of manufacturing individual module. The process of modular construction can help in constructing a building more efficiently as you need not wait for the preparation of the site to start construction as done in traditional construction methods.

The latest technological advancements have increased the popularity of modular construction during the last few years. The technologies have made it easier to design, move and assemble the individual modules to construct a building.

Materials required to make Modular Buildings

In modular construction normally two types of frames are used. Standard construction is the first option which is based on wooden frames. In the second option concrete and steel are used to manufacture individual module. Both of these options have their own pros and cons. The building made by using a wooden frame can be inexpensive whereas the building made by using concrete and steel can be many times stronger than wood-framed building.

Other materials used in the modular construction process, besides the frame of your choice, may include:

  • Wood trusses used for roof
  • VCG or vinyl covered gypsum or Drywall for finishing interior walls
  • Drop or Acoustical ceiling
  • Pex, CPVC or copper tubing or piping
  • Solid core doors
  • Carpeting of preferred thickness
  • Double pane glass
  • Commercial hardware and fixtures
  • VCT or vinyl composite tiles or ceramic tiles

Customization of Modular Construction

Mostly, the floor plan or layout of your building construction plan can be customized as per your requirements. It is you to decide about the number and types of rooms you need including conference room, restrooms, locker room, lunch room, storage space, and waiting room etc.

After the approval of the layout plan you can customize the looks and usage of some of the parts of your modular layout can be modified as under:

  • Wiring of broadband connection, secure access, alarm systems, projectors, surveillance, and smart-boards can be customized in the field of technology
  • Aesthetic changes may include finish of exterior walls, crown trim, and molding, the slope of the roof, marble, hardwood floors, cove base, and ungraded fixture and hardware.
  • You can modify the Energy Efficiency of your modular construction by customizing lights, windows, high-efficiency HVAC sensor switches, roofing color, solar power system and insulation of ceiling and walls.

In this way, the modular construction process allows you to construct a new building faster and efficiently. Many people suspect the durability of the modular buildings. A modular building, whether it is temporary or permanent, can serve for a long time by maintaining it properly.

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