Concrete flooring makes for a durable and contemporary industrial look that is popular among many artistic and modern spaces in both residential and commercial applications. The flooring comes in various shades, which range from light gray to a dark, sooty color.
Concrete floor designs were originally used in schools, factories, and other areas with high foot traffic as the material is durable and low maintenance, but cement has now become one of the popular flooring materials for homes and offices to give the space a minimalist look.
Cement screed is a mixture of pulverized cement, a binding agent, and aggregates to create a thick but smooth paste used to spread across floors in various applications. Cement screed acts like a varnish as it is applied on top of concrete flooring, and hardens into a shiny, smooth finish. It may also be applied as a top layer over rigid insulation material such as acoustic or thermal insulation.
Floor screed can be made from various materials like resin, asphalt, or calcium sulphate screed; each with its own specific application. However, cement screed is a classic and popular form of floor coverings, and has multiple uses.
There are three types of cement screeds, namely: bonded screed, unbonded screed, and floating finish, also called floating screed. Each type of screed floor has different uses and purposes, and the type of cement screed used in a space will depend on its application.
Like its name suggests, bonded screed is a type of cement screed that is bonded over a concrete floor using glue or other adhesives. The concrete floor would be made to have a rough surface in which the adhesive agent can grip on, and the area would be cleaned prior to applying the cement screed.
Bonded screed flooring is often done in spaces with extremely high foot traffic, or spaces that require high strength, such as a warehouse or factory that operates with large, heavy machinery. As such, much of the weight is placed on the concrete slab beneath the floor screed, which absorbs the pressure of machinery.
Unbonded screed is a type of concrete screed that involves separating floor screeds from the substrate layer using a PVC membrane, or other damp-proof membrane. This is ideal for spaces that have high humidity levels, or are consistently damp, as with wet markets, aquariums, and factories that deal with moisture.
Floating screed is a type of screed floor that is similar to unbonded screeds, but is often done as a floor covering on top of insulation materials like acoustic insulation, underfloor heating systems insulation, or thermal insulation.
Like any form of flooring, a cement screed floor has its pros and cons. Despite being durable, extreme weather and temperature changes, installation, and moisture levels will affect the strength of the cement screed floor. Here are the pros and cons of this type of flooring:
As mentioned, cement screed is a relatively low maintenance type of flooring that rarely requires any kind of special cleaning solution or implement to clean. Here's what you can do to clean, polish, and maintain the shine on your screed floor:
Unsure if concrete flooring is right for your home? Our team at Colebuild can work with you to build your dream space! Our interior designers can show you the possibilities of using concrete flooring in your home, while our build team can explain the durability of each flooring option to make home renovations easy and convenient!
Contact us today, and get started on building the home of your dreams!